A survey of the attitude of Korean women toward contraceptive use

A survey of the attitude of Korean women toward contraceptive use

I.S. Lee, K.Y. Choi, J.J. Lee

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soonchunhyang University, Seoul,


Objective: A research was conducted on current methods of

contraception used by Korean women. The objective was to find out which methods

of contraception by Korean women are using, any problems they are experiencing,

and which methods they prefer.

Method: Questionnaires were given 1,130 reproductive-age women who

visited Soonchunhyang University Hospital in Seoul, Korea, from January 2000 to

October 2001. Items on the survey included the method and duration of

contraception used, side effects (if any), and level of satisfaction.

Results: The mean age was 35.1+5.9 years and the most common

occupation was that of housewife (68%). The mean parity was 1.7+1.1, and the

mean number of abortions was 0.8+1.5. The mean period of contraception use was

4.6+4.9 years. Condoms were the most common method used (29.0%), followed by

intrauterine device (21.1%), tubal sterilization (13.5%), oral contraceptives

(12.2%), periodic abstinence (9.3%), vasectomy (7.9%), coitus interruptus

(6.4%), and other (12.4%). Among women over 41, sterilization was the most

common method. Condom and oral contraceptives were the most common methods used

by women under 40. Menorrhagia and leukorrhea were the most common side effects

among women who used the intrauterine device. Women who had tubal sterilization

and/or whose husbands had vasectomies were the most satisfied with their method

of contraception.

Conclusion: The most common used contraceptive method reported by

Korean reproductive-age women was the condom. The method of contraception used

in Korea is changing from permanent methods to temporary methods. Therefore more

women need to be educated in the use of condoms, oral contraceptives, and

intrauterine devices.

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