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Differences and similarities in reproduction and its control determined by religious orientation - contraception-esc.com

Differences and similarities in reproduction and its control determined by religious orientation

Differences and similarities in reproduction and its control determined by

religious orientation

D. Tanturovski, M. Stojovski, K. Stankova, E. Milanova, A. Alili, K.

Demerdziev

Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical Faculty, Skopje

The Objective of the study was to determine the influence of the religious

orientation on reproduction and the use of contraceptive methods, as means to

control it, before and after the first pregnancy.

Study Design and Methods: We included 120 women in a non-randomized,

prospective study. The women were divided in two groups: 60 women were Orthodox

Christians (30 Macedonians and 30 Serbs) and 60 women were Muslims (30 Albanians

and 30 Turks). The women were interviewed using a specifically prepared

questionnaire (translated to the language of each ethnicity). The obtained data

was processed using the standard statistical methods.

Results: The average age of the women was 27.3 years (+4.2) without

any statistically significant differences in both groups. In terms of the number

of children there is a significant difference between the two groups: the Muslim

women have 2.13 (+0.91) children on average, while the Orthodox women have an

average of 1.55 (+0.59) children. Artificial abortions are more common in the

Orthodox group than in the Muslim group but this is not statistically

significant. The Orthodox women have a considerably higher level of education

than the Muslim women. Before the first pregnancy, 81.7% of the Orthodox women

used contraception, whereas a mere 20% of the Muslim women did so. A

statistically significant difference on this matter can be observed between the

two groups. Coitus interruptus is the most frequently used contraceptive method

for the whole group. The use of condoms is considerably higher in the Orthodox

group. The degree of contraception use for controlling the first intergenesical

interval is greater in the Orthodox group, but this is not statistically

significant. The number of women with two or more children is significantly

higher in the Muslim group. In terms of the willingness to use contraception in

the future, there is a significant difference between the two groups: the number

of women that would use contraception in the future is considerably higher in

the Orthodox group.

Conclusion: Although the study covers a group of women which populate

the same territory, there are significant differences, in terms of reproduction

and it’s control, determined by the religious orientation. The Orthodox women

start reproduction at an older age and have less children than the Muslims. The

level of contraception use is also higher in the Orthodox group, both before and

after the fisrt pregnancy. Coitus interruptus is the method most frequently used

by both groups. Of the other methods of contraception, the Muslim women prefer

IUDs, while the Orhtodox women prefer condoms.

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