Sexual information of teenagers in Szeged: a questionnaire survey

Sexual information of teenagers in Szeged: a questionnaire survey

Z. Kozinszky (1), J. Sikovanyecz (1), N. Szabó (2), I. Devosa (2), K.

Barabás (2), L. Kovács (1), A. Pál (1)

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Szeged, Hungary

(1); Department of Psychiatry Section of Behavioural Sciences, University of

Szeged, Hungary (2)

Introduction: The increase of sexual activity among the adolescents

has become a danger to their reproductive health and consequently the rate of

abortion among teenagers is above 10 % in Hungary.

Aims and Methods: The goal of this study was to explore sexual

behaviour of teenagers. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey was

conducted among adolescents. Data on contraceptive use were collected from 356

teenagers (217 girls and 139 boys) aged 15 to 19, from May 2003 to October 2003

in secondary schools of Szeged.

Results: The first sexual intercourse (356/153, 43.0%) was in 15.1

years, in average, without any significant differences between those of girls

(15.2 yrs) and boys (14.9 yrs). Most of sexually active teenagers applied condom

(153/73, 48%) due to irreglar sexual activity. The second popular method was the

oral contraceptive (OC) pill (153/39, 25.5%). Almost all of the respondents are

aware of the condom (96%) or OC (92%). About half of the teenagers knew the

intrauterin device (51.4%) and calendar method (65.4%). OC was declared as a

reliable method in 51.0% and condom in 64.2% of subjects. Seventy-eight percent

of adolescents knew the possibility of emergency contraception, and only the

minority of them (7.1%) used it against unwanted pregnancy.

Conclusions: Half of the teenagers has sexual activity, but a quarter

of them uses unreliable contraceptives or relies on luck. The high rate of

unwanted pregnancy could be prevented with promotion of wider use of condom

among sexually active teens.

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