Counseling improves the use of contraceptive methods in male academics

Counseling improves the use of contraceptive methods in male


O. Cigerli, P. Topsever, S. Gorpelioglu, N. Aladag, T. Muge Filiz 


University School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey 

Objective(s) Men are equally responsible for making the decisions on family

planning. Determining contraceptive use of the male population is necessary for

the planning of appropriate medical and public health education, services and

information targeting the whole population. The aim of this study was to

evaluate male academic staff at a university with respect to their approach to

family planning methods and the association of use of modern contraceptive

methods and counseling. 

Design and methods The male academic and office

personnel of the various faculties and colleges of a university (except for the

medical school employees) who had at least a high-school education were included

in this cross-sectional study. After an informed consent was obtained all

subjects were asked to fill out the questionnaire including questions about

socio-demographics and contraceptive methods. Nonparametric variables were

compared with chi-square test. 

Results A total of 155 subjects accepted to

participate in this study. Due to incomplete answers, data of 121 questionnaires

were included (response rate 78.1%). Ninety five (78.5%) questionnaire forms

were answered by the academic personnel and 26 (21.5%) forms by the office

personnel. 77.7% of the participants were married. The mean age of the

participants was 38±10 years. While 80 subjects (66.1%) used modern family

planning methods, 41 subjects (33.9%) used ineffective prevention methods or

none at all. Most often used contraceptive method was the condom. Seventy

percent of those who used modern methods declared that they had obtained

information and counseling on family planning. Sources of information were

health care professionals followed by publications on family planning in both

groups. Counseled academics were significantly more often using modern methods


Conclusions The results of the present study suggest that counseling

on family planning may have a positive effect on the use of modern contraceptive

methods by the male population with a high educational background. Irrespective

of gender and education, the whole population should be provided with continuous

education and counselling on family planning in order to improve reproductive


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