Prevalence of family planning method – use and factors
Özlem Örsal and Gülümser
Kublay Community Health Nursing,
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence and
factors effecting family planning in the municipality area of Ankara, Turkey. In
most of the previous studies only single factor effecting method use was
evaluated. In this study our aim is to investigate relation between the factors
affecting family planning methods use.
Design and methods This
descriptive-correlation survey was conducted from selected households in the
eight municipality area of Ankara, Turkey. From every household’s three
members of the family, over the age 15 were selected using two phases stratified
cluster systematic random sampling method. From 385 households chosen, family
members were interviewed in 381 (98.9%). In this study, sex, education level,
occupational status, marital status, past and current use of family planning
method, number of children, number of wanted children were evaluated.
Correlation between these factors and family planning methods use was
Results In this study, 96.2% of the married couples were using
family planning method. Percent and type of family
planning method use was different among the districts. In general, coitus
interruptus (16.0%) and IUD (14.2%) were the most often used methods. For more
than half of the families (56.4%) ideal number of children was two. In this
study 21.6% of the families have two living children which is the ideal number
of children they wanted. Multiple factors have effect on the family planning.
From this study we found, all of the eight variables together have effect for
the selection of family planning method which was significant (P=0.000). Among
the eight variables, only the sex of the user had no effect on family planning
method used (P=0.363). Other parameters; education level (P=0.000), marital
status (P=0.000), occupational status (P=0.000), use of family planning method
(P=0.000), number of children (P=0.000), number of wanted children (P=0.000)
have effect on the selecting of family planning method.
Conclusion In this study
we observed many factors have effect on the selection of family planning methods.
But this study showed gender does not have effect on the selection of method.
When planning the service delivery for family planning methods all factors
including should taken into account.