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New trends in induced abortion in Csongrád County - contraception-esc.com

New trends in induced abortion in Csongrád County

New trends in induced abortion

in Csongrád County

Lászlóné Ladányi, Sándorné Rabi, Gizella Csepiné Szűcs, Zoltán

Kozinszky*

Csongrád

County Family Planning Centre, * Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

Faculty of General Medicine, University of Szeged, Hungary

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of the

Hungarian laws concerning induced abortion on the tendency of the number of

actual abortions.

Materials and methods: The Hungarian regulations from 1993 specify that

permission for artificial abortion for social reasons must be provided by a

Family Planning Centre. A new law passed in 2000 states that would-be aborters

must participate in two consultations with a specially trained midwife. In the

first, the midwife attempts to convince the women requesting abortion to

continue their pregnancy; in the second, information is provided as concerns

the details of abortion and contraception. Emergency contraception is becoming

more popular and outpatient contraception clinics for teenagers have proved to

be effective sources of information concerning contraception for young women,

and this has helped to decrease the number of induced abortions.

Results: In consequence of the Hungarian jurisdiction measures in

Hungary, the number of abortions per 1000 women of reproductive age decreased

from 1994 (29.2) to 2001 (22.2), the data for Csongrád County being slightly

lower (28.7 and 21.6, respectively). Furthermore,  the rate of abortion among teenagers (the number of abortions

among teenagers per total number of induced abortions) decreased from 1994

(0.169) to 2001 (0.116), and is significantly lower in Csongrád County (0.113

and 0.106, respectively) as compared with the Hungarian average. The two-round

system of providing aborters with information has decreased the number of

induced abortions (in Csongrád County: by 5.3% in 1993, and by 4.6% in 2001).

Conclusion: Our results have highlighted the significance of the

information processes in the orientation of teenagers and would-be aborters in

the Family Planning Centres, which have promoted a decline in the high abortion

rate both in Csongrád County and in Hungary.

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