The knowledge and viewpoints of the young groups on family planning and sexual education


The knowledge and viewpoints of the young groups on family

planning and sexual education

Sinan Ozalp MD * Omur Elcioglu PhD** Ilhami Unluoglu MD***


.Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine Dep of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Eskisehir /TURKEY


Prof. Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine Dep Medical Ethics Eskisehir/TURKEY


Professor .Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine Dep of Family Medicine


Sexual and reproductive health of the adolescents is an issue of

great importance. Sexual health for adolescent is based on three components:

recognizing sexual rigths, sexually education and counselling, and confidential,

highquality services.

Objectives:The objective of this study is to identify the

knowledge, attitude and behaviors of the students, who have recently started

their higher education at Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, on family

planning and sex education.

Design and Methods:A survey questionnaire composed of 52

items was distributed to freshman students at Osmangazi University Faculty of

Medicine in the first month of their education before they had any training on

this issue in order to determine the level of knowledge of adolescents on

reproductive health.

142 students compeleted the questionnaires and the rate of

participation to the survey was 81,1 percent (n=175).This survey is a cross

sectional study. Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentages

were used to to analyze the data and describe the respondents in terms of the

variables, taking account of the measurement level of variables. SPSS 10.0

program was used to this end.

Results and conclusions:76 respondents (53.5 percent)

were female whereas 66 of them (46.5 percent) were male. The average age of the

students was 18.01±3.24. When the respondents were asked where the

fertilization takes place, it was found out that half of the students are

misinformed on this issue. 118 respondents (83,1 percent) do not know whether

contraceptive pills are used for purposes other than contraception.

When the students were asked to select the wrong information

from a list of statements on IUDs, 14 students (9,9 percent) gave the correct

answer choosing the statement that “IUDs are appropriate for nulligravid and

multiple partner relationships”. It is also found out that the respondents do

not know when to use IUDs. According to the data of the survey, condom is a

method which is better known than other types of family planning methods.

Three-fourth of the respondents stated that their resource of

sexual information was their friends.

The finding of our research reveal that the knowledge of

adolescents on their reproductive health and family planning is insufficient.

Students need to be informed on sexual, reproductive health.

Since the students prefer to get information from specialists,

the education on sexual and reproductive health targeted at adolescents should

be provided by the professionals working in medico-social centers.

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