Developing family planning attitude scale in Turkey
Community Health Nursing, Ankara, Turkey
2003 Türkiye Demographic and
Health Survey showed that overall almost three-fourth of currently married women
are using contraception, and almost half of them do not want to use a method.
Married women are using contraception with almost half of them depending on
modern methods and one-third using traditional methods. Knowledge of family
planning methods is almost universal among women and two-third of currently
married women say they do not want to more births in the future, moreover,
although women were induced abortion that one-third induced abortion women do
not want to use a method. The gap may be the result of accessibility problems
including availability of the contraceptives and/or counselling services as well
as attitude of the women towards family planning, it is known that positive or
negative attitude, might influence use of effective family planning. Although
numerous studies have been undertaken to investigate primarily the service
provision and the accessibility of services, there are very few studies on the
attitude towards family planning, addition did not towards Turkish people in
Objective The aim of this study was to develope scale to measure
attitude toward family planning in Turkey.
Design and methods This
methodological survey is planned to measure the validity and reliability of
scales which determines the family planning attitude. Item pool is to form by
researcher. Item pool is to formed is assesment by 12 judge family planning,
testing – evaluation and pychometry expert. Scale prepared by the expert group
is pretested on 30 person. Pretest results were evaluated by the thesis judges
and unclear items were deleted. Two phases stratified systematic random sampling
in 381 household from Ankara Municipality area, along with 92-item a
self-administered format, were utilized. 3 people from every household were
selected. Among 1143 selected, 1142 were present and 631 women (55.3%) and 511
men (44.7%). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the structural and
psycometric properties of the attitude toward family planning scale.
The resulting 34-item, Likert-type scale and to have 3 sub-scale was found to
have an internal consistency reliability coefficient of / cronbach alpha 0,90.
The items in scale were found between minimal point of 0,31 and maximal point of
0,59. The mean measures the difference (Hotelling T²=1865,06, p=,0000). Item
with the property of Likert type scale can be addictive (F=54,9322, p=,0000).The
scale has been shown to be discriminative attitude to person to person
Conclusion To our opinion this scale can be used
effectively for attitude evaluation in family planning in Türkiye.